What is aerobic training?

Aerobic training in laymans terms is also known as “cardio exercises”.  Cardio refers to cardiovascular fitness which basically means that this type of training gets your heart rate up to strengthen both your heart and lungs with a goal of improving your body’s use of oxygen.

Whilst this type of exercise strengthens your heart and lungs it also trains the cardiovascular system (i.e., your arteries, veins and capillaries) to deliver oxygen efficiently throughout your entire body.

Aerobic exercises are generally sustained for a period of time to enable you to keep your heart rate above your normal heart rate.  You will generally feel that you are breathing hard and sweating during an aerobic workout, as your heart is pumping fast to get the blood to your muscles.

During aerobic training you will use your large muscle groups such as your gluteal muscles (“glutes”), Latissimus dorsi (“lats”), quads and hamstrings.  And you will generally continue the exercise rhythmically for at least 10 minutes. 

Examples of aerobic training are; running or jogging, walking, cycling, swimming.  Boxing can be both an aerobic exercise as well as an anaerobic exercise.

Your aerobic fitness refers to your body’s ability to use oxygen to meet the demands of exercise or exertion, by providing oxygen to your muscles.  Your level of aerobic fitness is one of the main drivers responsible for participating in many sports successfully.

Besides enabling you to be more competitive in sport, there are other significant benefits of aerobic training;

  • Improves circulation
  • Lower blood pressure
  • Increase energy and endurance
  • Reduces risk of heart disease and diabetes,
  • Reduce body fat
  • Improve sleep
  • Improve symptoms of depression
  • Alleviate stress and anxiety

As with any training program it is important to consult your medical professional if you are concerned about any health issues as it is always better to get expert advice.  But it is good to know that you can enjoy the many benefits of an exercise program once you take that first step.